CICAD: Institutional Strengthening


CICAD: Institutional Strengthening


CICAD: Institutional Strengthening


CICAD: Institutional Strengthening


CICAD: Institutional Strengthening


CICAD: Institutional Strengthening


CICAD: Institutional Strengthening


CICAD: Institutional Strengthening

DTC Publications


DCT Evaluation

Formative and Summative Evaluation Drug Treatment Court Program for the Americas - Evaluation Report

As part of the commitment of the Executive Secretariat of CICAD to evaluate the status of all ongoing projects, we proceeded to commission an external evaluation (process) of the Drug Treatment Courts in the Americas Program. This is the result of that work.


This report provides the results of the formative and summative evaluation of the Drug Treatment Court Program for the Americas (DTC CICAD).

Project Profile

Since 2008, through various international initiatives, the OAS, the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) of the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security has been working to promote drug treatment courts and similar court-supervised treatment alternatives to incarceration in the Americas.

Drug dependence is considered under the new Hemispheric Strategy of 2010 (approved by OAS member states) as a chronic relapsing disorder that must be addressed and treated as a public health matter, on a par with the treatment of other chronic diseases.

Building on the modality of drug treatment courts, already tested in countries like Chile, Canada and the US, among others, with positive results, the program Drug Treatment Courts for the Americas was officially launched during CICAD 48th Regular Session (CICAD 48) in Washington, DC in December 2010. Program activities began in earnest in 2011.

Drug treatment courts handle cases involving drug-using offenders through a system involving comprehensive supervision, mandatory drug testing, treatment services (and other therapeutic interventions) and immediate sanctions and incentives. They provide the focus and leadership for community-wide, anti-drug systems, bringing together criminal justice, treatment, education and other community-based partners in the reduction of substance dependency and abuse and criminality.

The overall objective of the DTC CICAD is to contribute to reducing: crime, relapse into drug use, and the prison population in the Americas by establishing and/or improving drug treatment courts for drug-dependent offenders and other alternatives to incarceration in OAS member states. The countries currently benefitting through the program are: Argentina, Barbados, Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Suriname, the Bahamas, Trinidad and Tobago.

The program further seeks to help the governments of OAS member states and specialized professionals (justice, health, among other ministries and agencies) set up or consolidate drug treatment courts in their jurisdictions to offer a court-supervised alternative to incarceration for drug dependent offenders, thus, contributing to reductions in crime, drug recidivism, and prison population in the Americas.

Its specific objective, as set out in the project documents, is to help the governments and court systems of OAS member states and specialized professionals set up pilot drug treatment courts in their jurisdictions.

The program aims to enhance the capacity of recipient countries in terms of DTC policies, procedures and enforcement, through specialized training sessions, study visits to better understand existing good practices, and providing specialized technical assistance that offer state-of-the-art policy and technical tools so that countries can decide which ones are more suitable for their own context. Subsequent phases of the program will build on the results of these pilot experiences in terms of establishing reliable monitoring and evaluation practices, strengthening

This external evaluation was conducted by Mónica Treviño under the Drug Treatment Court Program for the Americas, an initiative coordinated by the Executive Secretariat of the Inter American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD), Secretary for Multidimensional Security of the Organization of the American States (OAS). The content of this publication does not necessarily reflect the position of the OAS.

updated on 8/12/2014 11:42:42 AM