CICAD: Inter-American Observatory on Drugs (OID)

Publications

 

OID Publications

 

Standardized Indicators for National Drug Information Networks in Latin America - 2019

This guide presents a model set of indicators to countries desiring to standardize the way that they organize, collect, and report drug-related information for their DINs. It then presents a framework of standard indicators that countries can use as a model that they can apply to their national networks. The three main groups of indicators are drug supply reduction, drug demand reduction, and other qualitative indicators.  The guide takes the varying levels of capacity in the member states into account by proposing a tiered system of indicators that are ranked in order of difficulty by the regional experts who were consulted and also provides standardized data collection instruments for each indicator, highlighting the frequency of data collection and the agency with responsibility to collect the data.  The study is only available in Spanish.

Report on Drugs Use in the Americas 2019

The Report on Drug Use in the Americas 2019 analyzes current drug use data in the Hemisphere.  It features information on the most widely used drugs across the region, organized by drug and by population group, and highlights emerging issues of interest to policy-makers and to the public.  The Report draws on data obtained primarily through national surveys using the Inter-American Uniform Drug Use Data System (known by its Spanish language acronym, SIDUC), developed by the CICAD Executive Secretariat.

INTERACTIVE - Report on Drug Use in the Americas 2019

Report on Drug Use in the Americas 2019.pdf

Multicenter Study on Alterations of Brain Function in User of Smokable Cocaines - 2019

The Multicenter Study on Alterations of Brain Function in Users of Smokable Cocaines are part of the Inter-American Observatory on Drugs (OID) project on the effects and consequences of the use of smokable cocaines in the brain.  This study specifically evaluates the characteristics of brain dysfunction caused by the chronic consumption of cocaine base paste (CBP) available in Brazil and Uruguay.  The study is only available in Spanish.

 

 

Follow-up Analysis of Smokable Cocaine Users in Care and Treatment Programs Two Years After Admission - 2019

The document Follow-up Analysis of Smokable Cocaines Users in Care and Treatment Programs Two Years After Admission is part of one of the research lines of the Smokable Cocaines project of the Inter-American Observatory on Drugs (known by its Spanish language acronym, OID).  The project started due to the growing consumption and abuse of smokable cocaines (base paste, paco, crack or chespi) in some countries of South America.  The study is only available in Spanish.

 

 

Executive Summary - Report on Drugs Use in the Americas 2019

The Report on Drug Use in the Americas 2019 analyzes current data on drug use in the Hemisphere.It presents information on the most used drugs throughout the region, organized by drug group and population group, and highlights emerging issues of interest to policy makers and the general public. The Report is based on data obtained mainly through national surveys using the Inter-American Uniform Drug Use Data System (known by its Spanish language acronym, SIDUC), developed by the Executive Secretariat of CICAD.

 

Manual for the Design, Monitoring, and Evaluation of a Drug Treatment Information System: Generating Information - 2018

This manual presents a methodology for implementing a National Treatment Monitoring Systems in order to obtain reliable, standardized data on a regular, systematic basis.  The manual also offers a methodology for assessing and describing the network of centers and care facilities that offer and provide treatment, and how to identify gaps that must be filled to provide sufficient high-quality and appropriate coverage to those who need it.

 

 

Standardized Indicators for National Drug Information Networks in the Caribbean - 2017

This guide, developed by and for persons working in member states of the Caribbean, presents a model set of indicators to countries desiring to standardize the way that they organize, collect, and report drug-related information for their Drug Information Networks (DINs).  The guide has a systematic layout and begins with an explanation of what a DIN is and provides some examples of DINs from various parts of the world.  It then presents a framework of standard indicators that countries can use as a model that they can apply to their national networks.  The three main groups of indicators are drug supply reduction, drug demand reduction, and other qualitative indicators.  The guide takes the varying levels of capacity in the member states into account by proposing a tiered system of indicators that are ranked in order of difficulty by the regional experts who were consulted and also provides standardized data collection instruments for each indicator, highlighting the frequency of data collection and the agency with responsibility to collect the data.  This report is only available in English.

A Report on Students Drug Use in 13 Caribbean Countries - 2016

The OID has published a comparative analysis of drug use among high school students in 13 Caribbean countries.  This report, the second of its kind from the OAS, relies on data that was collected through the use of standardized surveys among school students in the participating member states.  The report describes the patterns of drug use among students in this region including the most widely consumed substances, access to drugs, perception of harm, and harmful use of drugs among other results.  The report shows how patterns of drug use are different between male and female students with respect to prevalence, age of first use and other important indicators.  Comparisons with previous studies indicate that the perception of harm of marijuana is lower while marijuana prevalence has increased; cigarette smoking continues to be relatively low; alcohol consumption remains high among students and binge drinking was significantly high among students in several countries; the use of inhalants continues to be high with higher prevalence rates reported by female students.  This report is only available in English.

Analysis of the Chemical Composition of Smokable Cocaine- 2016

This compendium, Analysis of the Chemical Composition of Smokable Cocaine is part of the Project on Smokable Cocaines in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay, coordinated by the Inter-American Observatory on Drugs of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission of the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security of the Organization of American States (SMS/CICAD/OID) with financing from INL-USA.  It is the result of the work carried out by the National Drug Commissions and the technical teams responsible for different areas and organizations specializing in the chemical composition analysis of seized drugs in the participating States.

A Review of the Availability of Care and Treatment for Smokable Cocaine Substances (SCS) Users in At-Risk Areas - 2016

This document contains the primary results of the pilot study which assesses the availability of care and treatment for smokable cocaine substance users, in socially high-risk areas, carried out in the five countries that participated in the Project on Smokable Cocaine Substances in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay.

 

 

 

Cocaine Base Paste Consumption in South America: A Review of Epidemiological and Medical-Toxicological Aspects - 2016

This document presents an analysis of the existing scientific literature on the impact of cocaine base paste consumption on the health of users.

 

 

 

 

First Pilot Study on Drug Use among University Students in Uruguay - 2015

The report published by the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) clearly shows that there is no specific pattern in the Hemisphere that is characteristic of the region.  The situation in each country is different; however, the report does point to some commonalities. First, that substance use is concentrated in young adults aged 18 to 25, and that there is concern over the high levels of use among adolescents aged 13 to 17.  The high levels of use of alcohol in all of the countries are a common issue on which prompt action must be taken.

 

Report on Drug Use in the Americas 2015

The Report on Drug Use in the Americas 2015 contains an exhaustive analysis of drug use in OAS member states and offers a hemispheric and subregional outlook with respect to the consumption of psychoactive substances in recent years.  This publication is based on information provided directly by member states, with information updated to the end of 2014, and which comes mainly from three sources: national studies of secondary school students, the general population and university students.  Among its findings, the report highlights the high level of drug use among adolescents in the Americas, combined with a very low perception of risk regarding the occasional use of these substances.  Overall, the report concludes that the data collected confirms "the need for well-designed public policies that are properly implemented with clear evaluation criteria" for which "relevant and updated qualitative and quantitative information is needed."  The report is available in English and Spanish.

Drug and Alcohol Treatment Statistics: A report on the Outcomes of the Piloting of a Standardized Drug Treatment Registration Form in Barbados, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago - 2013

A standardized data collection instrument was piloted among treatment centers in the Caribbean for a period of six months starting in November 2012 thru to April 2013, to capture intake data on clients seeking treatment in three countries, namely Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, and Barbados.  

 

 

 

Exploring the Relationship between Drugs and Crime: A Comparative Analysis of Survey Data from Prisoners in Four Caribbean Countries - 2012

Focusing on the prison populations of Dominica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines, the OID investigates the prevalence of psychoactive substance use among the adult prison population and the link between criminal behavior and the use of psychoactive substances as perceived by the offenders, especially the early initiation of use of marijuana and alcohol.  This report is only available in English.

 


Report on Drug Use in the Americas - 2011

The first analysis of drug trends in OAS member states, covering the period of 2002-2009,  deals with trends of five groups of substances: alcohol, marijuana, inhalants, cocaine and related products, and non-medical use of pharmaceutical drugs.  Finally, there is an analysis of the perceived risk associated with drug consumption and the ease of access to drugs.  Data was provided by the national drug observatories of member states.

 

 

Comparative Analysis of Student Drug Use in Caribbean Countries - 2010

This report on student drug use presents the results of a study conducted in 12 Caribbean Countries: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and Suriname.

 

 

 

How to Build a National Drug Observatory - 2010

The European Monitoring Center for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) and the Organization of American States (OAS) published jointly the guide entitled Building a National Drugs Observatory: a joint handbook.  The publication is based on experience over the last two decades gained by the EMCDDA in setting up national focal points or the Reitox network in Europe and by CICAD's OID in establishing national drug observatories in its member states.  The handbook is available in English, Spanish, Portuguese, and French.  (EMCDDA announcement)

 

Comparative Study on the Relationship between Drugs and Crime in Adolescent - 2010

Under a common methodology, five researches were carried out to study the relationship between drug abuse in vulnerable populations and involvement in criminal causes.  The population studied was juvenile offenders in social reeducation centers of Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Peru, and Uruguay.  This report is only available in Spanish

 

  

Drug Use in the Population deprived of Freedom and the Relationship between Crime and Drugs - 2010

This report is a reflection of the most important issues related to drug use in people deprived of liberty; it also presents evidence supporting the relationship between crime and drugs, highlighting some aspects of both social phenomena and the public policies used to face them, the role of the State and citizens, the fight against drug trafficking and the reality of the penitentiary and criminal system in some countries of South America.  This report is only available in Spanish.  

 

 

Information for the Design of National and Regional Strategies on Drug Control for Youth - 2009

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the OID, and the national drug commissions of the six participating countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru, and Uruguay), presented the second joint study of secondary students: Information for the Design of National and Regional Strategies on Drug Control for Youth.  The study is only available in Spanish.


 

Comparative Study on Drug Use in the General Population in 6 South American Countries - 2008

The OID in partnership with the national drug commissions of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru, and Uruguay, present the findings report on the study "Guidelines for Public Policies on Drugs in the Subregion: First Comparative Study on Drug Consumption and Associated Factors among the General Population (15-64 years old).  The study is only available in Spanish.

 

 

Study on Drug Use Among Secondary School Students in South America - 2006

The OID and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) published the study Youth and Drugs in South American Countries: A Challenge for Public Policies. The publication arises out of a research project entitled A Comparative Study of Drug Consumption in the Secondary School Student Population in Nine South American Countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay.  The report is currently only available in Spanish.  An executive summary in English is available.

 

 

Reports from the Study on the Human, Social, and Economic Costs of Drugs in the Americas - 2005

  • Final Report of Study on the Human, Social, and Economic Costs of Drugs in the Americas
  • Argentina available only in Spanish
  • Barbados available only in English
  • Chile available only in Spanish
  • Costa Rica available only in Spanish
  • El Salvador available only in Spanish
  • Mexico available only in Spanish
  • Uruguay available only in Spanish

 

 


updated on 10/24/2019 3:54:16 PM