CICAD: Demand Reduction


CICAD: Demand Reduction

Publications of Demand Reduction


CICAD Hemispheric Guidelines on School-based Prevention

As developed by CICAD's Expert Group on Demand Reduction and approved by the Commission in 2004, these guidelines speak to strategies to conduct research, create educational materials, train teachers, and carry out and evaluate prevention programs at the national level in a way that is responsive to regional, state, and local needs expressed within each school. Drug use problems threaten personal health, disrupt family integration, propagate delinquency and violence, and endanger a child’s healthy social development. Washington, DC, 2005, 29 pp, online (PDF, 1.1 mb).

Neuroscience of psychoactive substance use and dependence

The Neuroscience of Psychoactive Substance Use and Dependence provides an authoritative summary of current knowledge of the biological basis of substance use and dependence, and discusses the relationship of these behaviours with environmental factors. The book focuses on specific brain mechanisms governing craving, tolerance, withdrawal, and dependence on a wide range of psychoactive substances, including tobacco, alcohol and illicit drugs. The ethical implications of new developments for prevention and treatment are also discussed, and the public health implications of this knowledge are translated into recommendations for policy and programmes at national and international levels. Relying on contributions from many international experts, the best available evidence is presented from the various schools of thought and areas of research in this rapidly growing field. 

PDF, 1.86 mb, 286 pages

Educational Development

Exploratory Study on Drugs and Violence in an Intentional Sample of Women in Twelve Countries of the Americas

The research project enlisted 22 universities (19 in Latin America and 3 in the United States) in 12 countries. The publication contains information from surveys in Argentina (Rosario and Córdoba), Bolivia (La Paz), Brazil (Rio de Janeiro, Florianópolis, Ribeirão Preto, and Santo André), Chile (Concepción), Colombia (Bogotá), Costa Rica (San José), Ecuador (Guayaquil), Honduras (Tegucigalpa), México (Monterrey, Celaya and Querétaro), Peru (Lima), United States (Miami-Date and Broward), and Venezuela (Valencia). The Government of Brazil contributed financially to the study and its publication.

(PDF, 1.11 mb, pp. 175, 2009)

El liderazgo, la investigación de enfermería y el fenómeno de las drogas en las Américas. First Edition (Spanish), Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Escuelas de Enfermería, la Investigación y el Fenómeno de las Droga en América Latina. First Edition (Spanish), Colombia.

The Role of the Nursing Profession and the Drug Phenomenon in Latin America.

CICAD/OAS (2006): Washington, D.C. USA; Florianópolis, Brazil: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina-UFSC Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem-PEN. First Edition (English), Santa Catarina. Serie 5.

Organizers/Editorial Board: Maria da Gloria Miotto Wright, Maria Itayra Coelho de Souza Padilha, Francine Lima Gelbcke, Vera Radünz, Jonas Salomão Spricigo, Denise Elvira Pires de Pires, Maria de Lourdes de Souza.

"Collectively, the authors of this book make a highly useful contribution to the understanding of nursing in the region and the issues it faces in terms of limitations placed upon nursing as a result a given country's context, as well as internal issues faced by the nursing profession. Ways must be found to open up the Latin America to the world of nursing beyond its regional borders. Mechanisms should be put in place to enable nurses in Latin America to interact with nurses in Canada, the United States, and European countries."

15 articles, 108 pages, PDF, 1.4 mb.
Publications released at the University Partnership Seminar in Quito  (2012)

  • Resúmen de los Pósters, Reunión de la CICAD con Universidades de las Américas sobre el Fenómeno de las Drogas desde la Perspectiva de Salud Internacional. 156 p. (PDF, 3.5 mb)
  • La Contribución de las Escuelas de Enfermería en el Área de Reducción de la Demanda de las Drogas en América Latina. 51 p. (PDF, 1.0 mb)
  • Competencias Básicas del Profesional de Salud Pública en el Área de Reducción de la Demanda de Drogas en América Latina. 126 p. (PDF, 1.8 mb)
  • Competencias Básicas del Profesional de Enfermería en el Área de Reducción de la Demanda de Drogas en América Latina. 124 p. (PDF, 1.1 mb)
  • Las Competencias Básicas y los Currícula de las Escuelas de Psicología en el Área de Reducción de la Demanda de Drogas. 109 p. (PDF, 2.3 mb)



El Liderazgo, la Investigación de Enfermería y el Fenómeno de las Drogas en las Américas. CICAD/OAS (2006): First Edition (Spanish), Santa Catarina. Serie 7.

El Curriculo de Enfermeria com el Contenido de Drogas para los Programas de Pregrado y Postgrado: La Experiência de la CICAD em America Latina. CICAD/OAS (2005). Segunda Edicion, Rio de Janeiro.

La Contribución de las Escuelas de Enfermería en el Campo del Fenómeno de las Drogas en América Latina: Un Proceso en Construcción Liderado por la CICAD/OEA. CICAD/OAS (2005): Lima, Peru

El Liderazgo y el Planeamiento Estratégico en los Programas Académicos de Enfermería y el Fenómeno de las Drogas en América Latina. CICAD/OAS (2005): Lima, Peru.

Undergraduate and Graduate Nursing Curricula with Drug Content: The CICAD Experience in Latin America. Series 11. CICAD/OAS (2005)

Academic Journals

Latin American Journal of Nursing
Versión ISSN 0104-1169 
School of Nursing of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paolo

"Child Maltreatment and Its Relationship to Drug Use in Latin America and the Caribbean: An Overview and Multinational Research Partnership," International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, PDF, 203 kb., pp. 18, 12 July 2011. Authors: Samantha Longman-Mills, Yolanda W. González, Marlon O. Meléndez, Mónica R. García, Juan D. Gómez, Cristina G. Juárez, Eduardo A. Martínez, Sobeyda J. Peñalba, Miguel E. Pizzanelli, Lúcia I. Solórzano, Gloria M. Wright, Francisco Cumsille, Jaime C. Sapag, Christine Wekerle, Hayley A. Hamilton, Patricia G. Erickson, and Robert E. Mann.


updated on 10/16/2012 9:48:30 AM